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My theory of humankind

I am convinced

that people can live and act autonomously and morally. They can solve problems that arise constructively and cooperatively. Carl Rogers introduced this revolutionary idea to psychotherapy in his days. Leading in supportive relationships is the client. Today, this attitude is common to all consulting professions. For me, these clients centred attitude guideline of my relationship with clients.

People are social beings.

They are dependent on the people in their environment. In social isolation, they wither away. They are not just social beings but, as Umberto Maturana has convincingly pointed out, loving creatures. In a coaching process, I can rely on the fact that the members of the system are fundamentally capable of cooperative, loving solutions. One can motivate them to such solutions.

Humans are  autopoietic,

open, self-regulating systems. As such, they are intent on maintaining the internal and external status quo. In coaching, this means that it is practically impossible to effect targeted changes from outside a system. Only the coachee itself can bring about change.

Humans are embedded in an environment

like other living systems. With their environment, they live in an evolutionary interrelation. System and environment exist only in relation to each other and change together. If this relationship breaks down, the system dies. As coaches, we are part of the environment. Our only way to influence a system is that we stimulate changes by small adaptations of our behaviour and thinking.

Humans are biological systems

in an organic and inorganic world. Changes in the mineral and organic environment have an immediate impact on the body, and brain, and on our mental functions. Mental and social dysfunctions may be related to somatic and/or environmental processes. When forming hypotheses in a coaching process, the coach must always be aware that the coachee exists not only mentally, but that he is a body and in constant communication with a psychosocial, biological and inorganic environment.

When people are biological, living systems,

arises in our cultural tradition, the question of the relationship between mental and physical functions (“body-soul problem”). In my thinking and according to John Searl, mental achievements are an emergence of physiological processes. They are not to be equated with these but require them as the basis of their existence.


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